ISSN: 1003-6326
CN: 43-1239/TG

Vol. 33    No. 8    August 2023

A novel slag cleaning method to recover copper from molten copper converter slag
Kun WANG1,2, Yan LIU1,2, Jun HAO1,2, Zhi-he DOU1,2, Guo-zhi LV1,2, Ting-an ZHANG1,2
(1. School of Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Ecological Metallurgy of Multi-metal Intergrown Ores of Ministry of Education, Shenyang 110819, China
Abstract: To recover copper from copper slag, a novel slag cleaning method was proposed. The thermodynamics and binary phase diagram of FeO-SiO2 were calculated first. Then, the effects of experimental parameters on the reduction of Fe3O4, recovery of copper, and slag cleaning mechanism were investigated. The results showed that the addition of SiO2 significantly reduced the initial reduction temperature of magnetite and pyrite. The contents of Fe3O4 and copper decreased to 2.45 wt.% and 0.39 wt.%, respectively, with copper recovery of 92.52% under the optimum conditions. More than 94% silver and 99% gold subsided into the copper matte after slag cleaning. Approximately 72% of zinc and 75% of lead volatilized in the flue gas. The viscosity of the copper slag decreased from 0.68 to 0.12 Pa·s due to the reduction of magnetite. The sedimentation of copper matte droplets could be enhanced by mechanical stirring.
Key words: copper slag; copper recovery; slag cleaning; magnetite reduction; mechanical stirring
Superintended by The China Association for Science and Technology (CAST)
Sponsored by The Nonferrous Metals Society of China (NFSOC)
Managed by Central South University (CSU) 湘ICP备09001153号-9