ISSN: 1003-6326
CN: 43-1239/TG

Vol. 33    No. 8    August 2023

Synthesis of mullite by high temperature reaction to realize nontoxic and efficient recycling of vanadium slag chlorination residue
Shi-yuan LIU1, Wei-hua XUE1, Li-jun WANG1, Kuo-chih CHOU2
(1. Collaborative Innovation Center of Steel Technology, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China;
2. State Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallurgy, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
Abstract: The compositions of the leaching residue obtained by chlorination method to extract valuable elements (Ti, Cr, Fe, Mn and V) from vanadium slag were mainly Al2O3 and SiO2 with a small amount of hazardous elements Cr and V. In order to reduce the pollution of V and Cr to the environment, a novel method for nontoxic and efficient recycling of leaching residue was proposed. Mullite with high compressive strength of 133.345 MPa and bulk density of 3.20 g/cm3 was successfully synthesized by using leaching residue as raw material, adding appropriate SiO2 and roasting at 1600 ℃ for 5 h. The trace element Ti and hazardous elements V and Cr in leaching residue entered the mullite lattice in the high temperature reaction process to form a solid solution, which were stabilized in the mullite phase. The synthesized samples were tested by toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) and GB5085.3—2007. The results showed that mullite met the toxic leaching standard and was a nontoxic product.
Key words: leaching residue; vanadium slag; comprehensive utilization; highly toxic hexavalent chromium; mullite; toxicity characteristic leaching procedure
Superintended by The China Association for Science and Technology (CAST)
Sponsored by The Nonferrous Metals Society of China (NFSOC)
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