ISSN: 1003-6326
CN: 43-1239/TG

Vol. 22    No. 9    September 2012

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Preparation of Cu nanoparticles with ascorbic acid by aqueous solution reduction method
LIU Qing-ming1, 2, Takehiro YASUNAMI 1, Kensuke KURUDA 1, Masazumi OKIDO 1
(1. Department of Materials Science, School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Nagoya 4648603, Japan;
2. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
Abstract: Cu nanoparticles were prepared by reducing Cu2+ ions with ascorbic acid through aqueous solution reduction method. The effects of solution pH and average size of Cu2O particles on the preparation of Cu nanoparticles were investigated. Cu particles were prepared at pH 3, 5 or 7, with the smallest Cu particles obtained at pH 7. However, Cu particles could not be prepared at pH 9 or 11. The average size of Cu2O particles can affect that of Cu particles. Larger Cu2O particles result in larger Cu particles. In addition, experiments were conducted to explore the reaction process by measuring the X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns of specimens collected at different time points during the reaction. It was found that Cu(OH)2 was initially formed as a precursor, followed by the formation of Cu2O, which was finally reduced to Cu particles.
Key words: Cu nanoparticles; aqueous solution reduction method; ascorbic acid; intermediate product
Superintended by The China Association for Science and Technology (CAST)
Sponsored by The Nonferrous Metals Society of China (NFSOC)
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