ISSN: 1003-6326
CN: 43-1239/TG

Vol. 28    No. 7    July 2018

Quality index and hot tearing susceptibility of Al-7Si-0.35Mg-xCu alloys
(1. Department of Materials Science and Ceramic Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran;
2. School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
Abstract: The effects of Cu addition (0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, 2%, and 3%, mass fraction) on the quality index (Qi) and hot tearing susceptibility (HTS) of A356 alloy were investigated. According to the results, Cu addition up to 1.5% increases the Qi by almost 10%, which seems to be due to its solid solution strengthening and dispersion hardening effect of Cu-rich Al2Cu and AlMgCuSi compounds. However, further addition of Cu (up to 3%) decreases the Qi by almost 12%, which is likely due to the reduction of tensile strength and elongation caused by increased volume fraction of brittle Cu-rich intermetallics and microporosities in the microstructure. It is also found that Cu increases the HTS of A356 alloy measured by constrained rod casting method. According to the thermal analysis results, Cu widens the solidification range of the alloy, which in turn, decreases its fluidity and increases the time period during which the mushy-state alloy is exposed to the hot tearing susceptible zone. SEM examination of the hot tear surfaces in high-Cu alloys also demonstrates their rough nature and the occurrence of interdendritic/intergranular microcracks as convincing evidences for the initiation of hot tears in the late stages of solidification in which there is not enough time for crack healing.
Key words: Al-Si-Mg alloy; hot tearing; quality index; copper; fluidity
Superintended by The China Association for Science and Technology (CAST)
Sponsored by The Nonferrous Metals Society of China (NFSOC)
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